Villány wines are marketed in three quality levels: Classicus, Premium and Super Premium. Premium red wines must be aged in oak for a minimum of one year, or six months in the case of Kadarka or Portugieser. Super Premium wines must be aged for at least two years, of which one must be in oak, and may only be produced from Cabernet Franc. Yields are strictly limited; hence the wines possess extraordinary depth and richness, as well as great varietal typicity with black berry fruit, spice and often hints of leather and graphite. They are characterised by amazing richness, warmth, ripe tannins, high alcohol and full body. Villány is primarily dominated by red wines, which can range from light and fruity with restrained tannins to full-bodied, deep wines with pronounced tannins and great complexity of flavour, depending on variety and winemaking technology.
The wine district stretches for around 25 km along the south-facing slopes of the Villány Hills, which emerge from the surrounding plain. Bisse, Csarnóta, Diósviszló, Harkány, Hegyszentmárton, Kisharsány, Kistótfalu, Márfa, Nagyharsány, Nagytótfalu, Palkonya, Siklós, Szava, Túrony, Villány, Villánykövesd and Vokány.
Thanks to its favourable geographical location, the region enjoys more sunlight for longer periods than is the norm. The average annual temperature is around 11°C with an average temperature of 17.5° during the vegetation period. Average annual precipitation is 700 mm.The climate is a mix of continental and Mediterranean with the latter predominating on the southern slopes. It is a moderately wet area with mild winters, precipitation is relatively well-distributed throughout the year and there is little temperature variation. The prevailing wind is north-north-westerly, although there are also frequent airflows from west to east
The bedrock of the Villány Hills consists of Middle Triassic limestone and dolomite, limestone from Jurassic marine sediments and from the Lower Cretaceous period. Predominantly chernozem brown forest soil formed over this bedrock. The soils’ parent rock consists of loess and loess-like ‘slope sediment’ formed during the cold, dry phases of the Pleistocene. Its high concentration of lime means it crumbles and decomposes easily, thus creating fertile soil cover, in this case, clayey loess rich in lime of varying thickness on the slopes, often replaced by redzina on the hilltop plateaus.
Main grape varieties
Cabernet sauvignon, Kékoportó, Cabernet franc, O23Merlot, Kékfrankos, Olasz rizling, Pinot noir
Area of authorised grape varieties (2019)
Villány is Hungary’s ace and textbook example of wine tourism, where most of the producers, even those relatively distant from each other, had already recognised the importance of joint action at the end of the eighties. Villány’s high street is the Oxford Street for local wines, where you can find almost all the producers’ wines. Moreover, the region’s winemakers present themselves together at wine festivals, advertise their products together and build their brands together. The Harkány thermal spa and Siklós Castle are also worth mentioning as important tourist attractions.